Study Aids


The worksheets and other materials linked below will help you to organize information, synthesize concepts, and make appropriate connections among different (and often disparate) aspects of the material we cover in class. They should be kept in your workbook, along with your slide lists and notes for easy access during the exams. If you need help completing them, please consult with me during my office hours--by appointment if at all possible.

Keep in mind that all information and examples must come from the lecture and from slide lists--so don't simply cut and paste snippets from the textbook or the web. If you don't understand the material, filling in the boxes with extraneous information will not help.

Study Map [.pdf]: This is the same basic map I will use on exams. As we cover the cities, countries, and geographical features listed in the word bank, be sure to locate them on your copy of the map. If possible, print it out in color to aid with discerning water from land masses. The exam copy will be in gray scale, but having a color copy will help. Mark cities with dots, and use arrows to point to rivers or small geographical details. Locations used on the exams will be drawn from those in the "map bank" at the bottom of the worksheet.

Prehistoric Chronology: This worksheet should provide you with a timeline of important artistic and technological changes that occur from the Paleolithic through the Archaic periods in the ancient world.

Classical Orders: The Greeks re-defined the concept of post-and-lintel architecture by classifying the exterior features of temples and other public buildings into orders: sets of formal characteristics that describe the posts (columns, bases, and capitals) and lintels (the architrave and the pediment it supports): Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Romans used all three of these, but modified the Doric into the Tuscan, and added a combination of Ionic and Corinthian that shared characteristics of both: the Composite. One reason for paying attention to these orders is that they will be used throughout the West from the Classical period on, especially in the Renaissance, Baroque, and Neoclassical periods.

Greek Temple Plans: Be sure to know what various Greek temples look like, both in terms of their facades and their plans. Although the order of a Greek temple depends on its exterior appearance, understanding its function depends largely on its plan.

Athens Acropolis worksheet: Ignore this one at your peril. The Athenian Acropolis is one of the most important architectural complexes in Western art history. The diagram in the book includes an extra building (the Pinakotheke, which was part of the Propyleia), but you're responsible for the four we discussed in class, in detail. If a particular temple is devoted to the goddess Athena, make sure you know which Athena's many aspects is honored there (and know what it means).

Roman Mural Styles: The variety of wall-painting styles from Pompeii and Herculaneum reflect the changing tastes of wealthy Romans during the early Empire. These styles influenced design in subsequent periods, in much the same way that the Classical Orders did in formal architecture.

Evolution of the Basilica: The basic basilica form is such a flexible public space that it's still in use today. Early Christians found it so amenable to their style of worship, that it provided an enduring and adaptable space for both Eastern and Western expressions of Christian ecclesiastical architecture.

Variations on the Arch: The true arch (as opposed to the corbelled arch) proved to be extremely versatile; in its basic form it was used for entryways, formal gateways, and aqueducts. Extended into other dimensions, it offered even more variables. Be sure to track these on this worksheet and be able to provide examples and their locations.

Medieval Manuscript Conventions: (in process)

Medieval Architectural Styles: (in process)

 

last update: 10.03.14