Study Map [.pdf]:
This is the same basic map I will use on exams. As we cover the cities,
countries, and geographical features listed in the word bank, be sure
to locate them on your copy of the map. If possible, print it out in color
to aid with discerning water from land masses. The exam copy will be in
gray scale, but having a color copy will help. Mark
cities with dots, and use arrows to point to rivers or small geographical details. Locations used on the exams will be drawn from those in the "map bank" at the bottom of the worksheet.
Chronology: This worksheet should provide you with a timeline
of important artistic and technological changes that occur from the Paleolithic
through the Archaic periods in the ancient world.
Orders: The Greeks re-defined the concept of post-and-lintel
architecture by classifying the exterior features of temples and other
public buildings into orders: sets of formal characteristics that describe
the posts (columns, bases, and capitals) and lintels (the architrave and
the pediment it supports): Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Romans used
all three of these, but modified the Doric into the Tuscan, and added
a combination of Ionic and Corinthian that shared characteristics of both:
the Composite. One reason for paying attention to these orders is that
they will be used throughout the West from the Classical period on, especially
in the Renaissance, Baroque, and Neoclassical periods.
Temple Plans: Be sure to know what various Greek temples look
like, both in terms of their facades and their plans. Although the order
of a Greek temple depends on its exterior appearance, understanding
its function depends largely on its plan.
Ignore this one at your peril. The Athenian Acropolis is one of the most
important architectural complexes in Western art history. The diagram
in the book includes an extra building (the Pinakotheke, which was part of the Propyleia), but you're responsible for the four we discussed in class, in detail. If a particular temple is devoted to the goddess Athena, make sure you know which Athena's many aspects is honored there (and know what it means).
Mural Styles: The variety of wall-painting styles from Pompeii
and Herculaneum reflect the changing tastes of wealthy Romans during the
early Empire. These styles influenced design in subsequent periods, in much
the same way that the Classical Orders did in formal architecture.
of the Basilica: The basic basilica form is such
a flexible public space that it's still in use today. Early Christians
found it so amenable to their style of worship, that it provided an enduring
and adaptable space for both Eastern and Western expressions of Christian
on the Arch: The true arch (as opposed to the corbelled arch)
proved to be extremely versatile; in its basic form it was used for entryways,
formal gateways, and aqueducts. Extended into other dimensions, it offered
even more variables. Be sure to track these on this worksheet and be able to provide examples and their locations.
Medieval Manuscript Conventions: (in process)
Medieval Architectural Styles: (in process)